The Global Partnership for Oceans was launched in 2012 as a new approach to restoring ocean health. It sought to mobilize finance and knowledge to activate proven solutions for the benefit of communities, countries and global well-being.
The GPO had over 150 partners representing governments, international organizations, civil society groups, and private sector interests committed to addressing the threats to the health, productivity and resilience of the ocean.
The Partnership aimed to tackle documented problems of overfishing, pollution, and habitat loss. Together these problems are contributing to the depletion of a natural resource bank that provides nutrition, livelihoods and vital ecosystem services.
The Partnership worked toward meeting the following interrelated objectives by 2022 as stated in the Declaration for Healthy Productive Oceans to Help Reduce Poverty.
Sustainable seafood and livelihoods from capture fisheries and aquaculture
In line with previous internationally agreed commitments* and taking into consideration growing impacts of climate change:
- Significantly increase global food fish production from both sustainable aquaculture and sustainable fisheries by adopting best practices and reducing environmental and disease risk to stimulate investment;
- Reduce the open access nature of fisheries by creating responsible tenure arrangements, including secure access rights for fishers and incentives for them to hold a stake in the health of the fisheries; and
- Enable the world’s overfished stocks to be rebuilt and increase the annual net benefits of capture fisheries by at least $20 billion, including through reducing subsidies that promote overfishing.
Critical coastal and ocean habitats and biodiversity
In line with previous internationally agreed targets and to address the growing impacts of climate change:
- Halve the current rate of natural habitat loss and reduce habitat degradation and fragmentation, by applying ecosystem-based approaches to management;
- Increase marine managed and protected areas, and other effective area-based conservation measures, to include at least 10% of coastal and marine areas; and
- Conserve and restore natural coastal habitats to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience to climate change impacts.
In line with previous internationally agreed commitments and taking into consideration the growing impacts of climate change:
- Reduce pollution to levels not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity; and
- Support implementation of the Global Program of Action to reduce pollution, particularly from marine litter, waste water and excess nutrients, and further develop consensus for achievable goals to reduce these pollutants.
*Note: The previously agreed international commitments and targets referenced in this Declaration include those made in Rio in 1992 in Agenda 21, and subsequently at Johannesburg in 2002 and in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in Nagoya in 2010.
Partners of the Global Partnership for Oceans represented a diversity of stakeholders committed to addressing the threats to the ocean that hinder growth, poverty reduction and food security. All partners formally agreed to the Declaration for Healthy Productive Oceans to Help Reduce Poverty. Please refer here for a full list of GPO partners.
- A Declaration for Healthy, Productive Oceans to Help Reduce Poverty - English, French (pdfs)
- Framework Document (text only pdf)
- Synthesis of the Framework Document (pdf)
- Indispensable Ocean, a report of the Blue Ribbon Panel (full report pdf)
- Oceans: Our Living Resource (Infographic)
- Logo Use Guidelines (pdf)
- Postcard (pdf)
GPO Interim Working Group
The GPO Interim Working Group (IWG) was an advisory group made up of 30 participants drawn from a representative group of GPO partner organizations. The working group guided the design phase of the GPO and lent expertise to the framework document that dictates how and where the GPO will work. For biographies of the members and minutes from meetings, please click here.
Blue Ribbon Panel
The Blue Ribbon Panel was comprised of leaders from 16 countries, representing government, the private sector, non-profit organizations, academia, and multi-lateral institutions. The Panel provided recommendations to the Global Partnership for Oceans on the principles and practices for prioritizing and implementing sustainable ocean investment. For biographies of the Panelists please click here. To see the complete findings and recommendations from the panel, please see their report: Indispensable Ocean: Aligning Ocean Health with Human Well-Being.
Habitat Community of Practice
The Habitat Community of Practice worked to further define actions and investment opportunities to achieve specific targets related to critical coastal and ocean habitats and biodiversity components described in the GPO draft framework. Follow updates here. Please direct any questions to Pawan Patil and Lynne Hale.